Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): March 8, 2018
Spark Energy, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
 
 
 
 
Delaware
 
001-36559
 
46-5453215
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification Number)

12140 Wickchester Ln, Ste 100
Houston, Texas 77079
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
(713) 600-2600
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company  ☒
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☒






Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

On March 8, 2018, Spark Energy, Inc. (the “Company”) issued a press release announcing fourth quarter 2017 earnings (the “Press Release”). The Press Release is being furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report and is incorporated by reference herein.
The information above is being furnished, not filed, pursuant to Item 2.02 of Form 8-K. Accordingly, the information in Item 2.02 of this Current Report, including the Press Release, will not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement filed by the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, unless specifically identified therein as being incorporated by reference.


Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(d) Exhibits

Exhibit No.
Description
 
 
99.1
Press Release of Spark Energy, Inc. dated March 8, 2018







EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.
Description
 
 
99.1






SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

Dated: March 8, 2018
 
 
 
 
Spark Energy, Inc.
 
By:
 
/s/ Gil Melman
Name:
 
Gil Melman
Title:
 
Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary



Exhibit


Spark Energy, Inc. Announces Two Acquisitions, Engagement of Financial Advisor, and Reports Full Year and Fourth Quarter 2017 Financial Results

HOUSTON, March 8, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Spark Energy, Inc. ("Spark" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: SPKE), an independent retail energy services company, today reported financial results for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Key Business Highlights
Achieved record Net Income, Retail Gross Margin and Adjusted EBITDA for full year 2017
Recorded $102.9 million in Adjusted EBITDA, $224.5 million in Retail Gross Margin, and $76.3 million in Net Income for the year ended 2017, representing year-over-year increases of 26%, 23%, and 16%, respectively
Recorded $28.9 million in Adjusted EBITDA, $66.2 million in Retail Gross Margin, and $47.5 million in Net Income for the fourth quarter, representing year-over-year increases of 17%, 13%, and 97%, respectively
Total RCE count increased 35% year-over-year to a record 1,042,000 as of December 31, 2017
Overall attrition of 4.3% for the year ended December 31, 2017
Closed three acquisitions in 2017
Two new acquisitions announced thus far in 2018 with a total of approximately 80,000 RCEs
Expanded the senior credit facility to $200.0 million in commitments
Continue to simplify, streamline, and optimize the organization
Engaged Morgan Stanley as financial advisor to evaluate strategic alternatives

“We are extremely proud to have delivered another year of record financial results despite unfavorable weather throughout the year,” said Nathan Kroeker, Spark Energy’s President and Chief Executive Officer. “We saw a mild summer and several severe weather events, including a devastating hurricane, but Spark was able to increase RCE count and improve both top and bottom line financial performance.
“During 2017, we completed three acquisitions, highlighted by the acquisition of Verde in July. We put a new credit facility in place and have added six new banks and a total of $185.0 million in commitments, which has since grown to $200.0 million in early 2018. In addition, we recently completed a $50.0 million follow-on offering of our Series A Preferred Stock. We launched a company-wide initiative to further integrate acquisitions and realize significant cost-to-serve synergies, including the early termination of the Verde earnout.
“As we move through 2018, we continue to strategically add customers and pursue additional opportunities to further streamline our business model. In March 2018, we agreed to acquire a small competitor in the Northeast as well as a book of customers from an affiliate of our sponsor. We expect both to be immediately accretive to Adjusted EBITDA. Our sponsor also agreed to reintegrate Retailco Services back into Spark, which will simplify our structure and result in immediate and substantial cash savings to the Company.

“Finally, our Board of Directors has engaged Morgan Stanley as a financial advisor to explore strategic alternatives. We believe that our stock price has not reflected the strong growth in financial performance we have shown over the past three and a half years as a public company, and look forward to examining additional opportunities to unlock shareholder value.”





Summary Fourth Quarter 2017 Financial Results
For the quarter ended December 31, 2017, Spark reported Adjusted EBITDA of $28.9 million compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $24.8 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2016. This increase of $4.1 million is primarily attributable to additional volumes from the Verde and Perigee acquisitions.
For the quarter ended December 31, 2017, Spark reported Retail Gross Margin of $66.2 million compared to Retail Gross Margin of $58.8 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2016. This increase of $7.4 million is primarily attributable to the increased volumes of retail electricity following the Verde and Perigee acquisitions.
Net income for the quarter ended December 31, 2017, was $47.5 million compared to net income of $24.1 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2016, primarily due to higher retail gross margin and the revaluation of the Tax Receivable Agreement as a result of the new tax legislation.
Summary Full Year 2017 Financial Results
For the year ended December 31, 2017, Spark reported Adjusted EBITDA of $102.9 million compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $81.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. This increase of $21.0 million is primarily attributable to additional volumes from the Verde and Perigee acquisitions and a full year of the Provider and Major acquisitions, partially offset by milder-than-normal weather.
For the year ended December 31, 2017, Spark reported Retail Gross Margin of $224.5 million compared to Retail Gross Margin of $182.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. This increase of $42.1 million is primarily attributable to additional volumes from the Verde and Perigee acquisitions and a full year of the Provider and Major acquisitions, partially offset by milder-than-normal weather.
Net income for the year ended December 31, 2017, was $76.3 million compared to net income of $65.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, primarily due to higher volumes from the acquisitions and the revaluation of the Tax Receivable Agreement as a result of the new tax legislation.
Strategic Update
On March 1, 2018, Spark acquired a retail electric provider with approximately 29,000 RCEs serving electricity and natural gas customers in the Northeast and Midwest. The transaction is immediately accretive to 2018 earnings and requires minimal integration.
On March 7, 2018, Spark entered into an agreement with National Gas & Electric, LLC, ("NG&E"), an affiliate of Retailco, LLC, the Company's majority owner, for the acquisition of approximately 50,000 RCEs for approximately $12.5 million in cash. The transaction, which was reviewed and approved by a special committee made up of independent members of the Company's board of directors, is scheduled to close in April of this year.
On March 7, 2018, Spark agreed to reintegrate the employees and operations of Retailco Services, LLC ("Retailco"), which is wholly owned by W. Keith Maxwell III. Retailco was formed in 2015 to provide a variety of back office functions, including customer operations and information technology services, at a lower cost than Spark was realizing at the time. Retailco has been able to reduce the cost per customer over the past two years, and Spark expects to realize additional savings by reintegrating the two companies. This reintegration, which was reviewed and approved by a special committee of independent directors of the Company's board of directors, is scheduled to occur on April 1, 2018, and is expected to be accretive to 2018 earnings. Mr. Maxwell will receive no consideration for this transaction.





As previously announced, Spark terminated the Verde Energy earnout agreement on January 12, 2018. This transaction allowed Spark to begin integration of Verde's operations sooner than originally anticipated, which the Company believes should result in significant operational costs savings.
As mentioned above, the Board of Directors of Spark has retained Morgan Stanley as a financial advisor to explore strategic alternatives.
Outlook
Spark expects full year 2018 Adjusted EBITDA to be similar to that of 2017. The Company will continue to pursue accretive acquisitions, integrate recent acquisitions, drive operational performance improvements, and look to expand its geographic footprint.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
($ in thousands)
December 31, 2017
Cash and cash equivalents
$
29,419
 
Senior Credit Facility Availability (1)
12,501
 
Subordinated Debt Availability (2)
$
25,000
 
Total Liquidity
$
66,920
 
(1)     Subject to Senior Credit Facility borrowing base and covenant restrictions.
(2)     The availability of the Subordinated Debt Facility provided by Spark’s founder is dependent on his financial position and liquidity. The Company may use the Subordinated Facility from time to time to enhance short term liquidity but does not view the Subordinated Debt Facility as a material source of liquidity.
Since the beginning of 2018, Spark has increased the commitments on its credit facility by $15.0 million to $200.0 million. As previously mentioned, Spark also raised an additional $48.9 million in net proceeds in an offering of Series A Preferred Stock in January 2018.
Dividend
Spark’s Board of Directors declared quarterly dividends of $0.18125 per share of Class A common stock payable on March 16, 2018, and $0.546875 per share of Series A Preferred Stock payable on April 16, 2018. Investors are reminded that on June 16, 2017, Spark completed a two-for-one stock split by means of a stock dividend.
Conference Call and Webcast
Spark will host a conference call to discuss year end and fourth quarter 2017 results on Friday, March 9, 2018, at 10:00 AM Central Time (11:00 AM Eastern).
A live webcast of the conference call can be accessed from the Events & Presentations page of the Spark Energy Investor Relations website at http://ir.sparkenergy.com/events-and-presentations. An archived replay of the webcast will be available for twelve months following the live presentation.
About Spark Energy, Inc.
Spark Energy, Inc. is an established and growing independent retail energy services company founded in 1999 that provides residential and commercial customers in competitive markets across the United States with an alternative choice for their natural gas and electricity. Headquartered in Houston, Texas, Spark currently operates in 19 states and





serves 94 utility territories. Spark offers its customers a variety of product and service choices, including stable and predictable energy costs and green product alternatives.
We use our website as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Investors should note that new materials, including press releases, updated investor presentations, and financial and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission are posted on the Spark Energy Investor Relations website at ir.sparkenergy.com. Investors are urged to monitor our website regularly for information and updates about the Company.
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements
This earnings release contains forward-looking statements that are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. These forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology including “may,” “should,” “likely,” “will,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “continue,” “plan,” “intend,” “projects,” or other similar words. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this earnings release, regarding strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans, objectives and beliefs of management are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements appear in a number of places in this earnings release and may include statements about business strategy and prospects for growth, customer acquisition costs, ability to pay cash dividends, cash flow generation and liquidity, availability of terms of capital, competition and government regulation and general economic conditions. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot give any assurance that such expectations will prove correct.
The forward-looking statements in this earnings release are subject to risks and uncertainties. Important factors that could cause actual results to materially differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
changes in commodity prices and the sufficiency of risk management and hedging policies;
extreme and unpredictable weather conditions, and the impact of hurricanes and other natural disasters;
federal, state and local regulation, including the industry's ability to address or adapt to potentially restrictive new regulations that may be enacted by the New York Public Service Commission;
our ability to borrow funds and access credit markets and restrictions in our debt agreements and collateral requirements;
credit risk with respect to suppliers and customers;
changes in costs to acquire customers and actual customer attrition rates;
accuracy of billing systems;
whether our majority stockholder or its affiliates offer us acquisition opportunities on terms that are commercially acceptable to us;
ability to successfully identify and complete, and efficiently integrate acquisitions into our operations;
competition; and
the “Risk Factors” in our latest Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in our quarterly reports, other public filings and press releases.
You should review the Risk Factors and other factors noted throughout or incorporated by reference in this earnings release that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.





All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this earnings release. Unless required by law, we disclaim any obligation to publicly update or revise these statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. It is not possible for us to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on the business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.






SPARK ENERGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND DECEMBER 31, 2016
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
29,419
 
 
$
18,960
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4.0 million and $2.3 million as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
158,814

 
 
112,491

 
Accounts receivable—affiliates
3,661

 
 
2,624

 
Inventory
4,470

 
 
3,752

 
Fair value of derivative assets
31,191

 
 
8,344

 
Customer acquisition costs, net
22,123

 
 
18,834

 
Customer relationships, net
18,653

 
 
12,113

 
Prepaid assets
1,028

 
 
1,361

 
Deposits
7,701

 
 
7,329

 
Other current assets
19,678

 
 
12,175

 
Total current assets
296,738

 
 
197,983

 
Property and equipment, net
8,275

 
 
4,706

 
Fair value of derivative assets
3,309

 
 
3,083

 
Customer acquisition costs, net
6,949

 
 
6,134

 
Customer relationships, net
34,839

 
 
21,410

 
Deferred tax assets
24,185

 
 
54,109

 
Goodwill
120,154

 
 
79,147

 
Other assets
11,500

 
 
8,658

 
Total Assets
505,949

 
 
375,230

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities, Series A Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
77,510
 
 
$
52,309
 
Accounts payable—affiliates
4,622

 
 
3,775

 
Accrued liabilities
33,679

 
 
36,619

 
Fair value of derivative liabilities
1,637

 
 
680

 
Current portion of Senior Credit Facility
7,500

 
 
51,287

 
Current payable pursuant to tax receivable agreement—affiliates
5,937

 
 

 
Current contingent consideration for acquisitions
4,024

 
 
11,827

 
Current portion of note payable
13,443

 
 
15,501

 
Convertible subordinated notes to affiliates

 
 
6,582

 
Other current liabilities
2,675

 
 
5,476

 
Total current liabilities
151,027

 
 
184,056

 
Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
Fair value of derivative liabilities
492

 
 
68

 
Payable pursuant to tax receivable agreement—affiliates
26,355

 
 
49,886

 
Long-term portion of Senior Credit Facility
117,750

 
 

 
Subordinated debt—affiliate

 
 
5,000

 
Contingent consideration for acquisitions
626

 
 
10,826

 
Other long-term liabilities
172

 
 
1,658

 
Long-term portion of note payable
7,051

 
 

 
Total liabilities
$
303,473
 
 
$
251,494
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
 
 
 
Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share, 20,000,000 shares authorized, 1,704,339 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and zero shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016
41,173

 
 

 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
       Common Stock (1) :
 
 
 
Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 120,000,000 shares authorized, 13,235,082 issued and 13,135,636 outstanding at December 31, 2017 and 12,993,118 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016
132

 
 
130

 
Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 60,000,000 shares authorized, 21,485,126 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and 20,449,484 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016
216

 
 
206

 
       Additional paid-in capital (1)
26,914

 
 
25,272

 





Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)/income
(11

)
 
11

 
Retained earnings
11,008

 
 
4,711

 
Treasury stock, at cost, 99,446 shares at December 31, 2017 and zero shares at December 31, 2016
(2,011

)
 

 
Total stockholders' equity
36,248

 
 
30,330

 
Non-controlling interest in Spark HoldCo, LLC
125,055

 
 
93,406

 
Total equity
161,303

 
 
123,736

 
Total liabilities, Series A Preferred Stock and stockholders' equity
$
505,949
 
 
$
375,230
 
further discussion.
(1) Outstanding shares of common stock, additional paid-in capital and non-controlling interest reflect the two-for-one stock split, which took effect on June 16, 2017. See Note 4 "Equity" for further discussion.
(2) See Note 4 "Equity" for disclosure of our variable interest entity in Spark HoldCo, LLC.


SPARK ENERGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2017 (1)
 
2016 (2)
 
2015 (3)
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Retail revenues
798,772
 
 
547,283
 
 
 
356,659
 
 
Net asset optimization (expense)/revenues (4)
(717
)
 
(586
 
)
 
1,494
 
 
Total Revenues
798,055
 
 
546,697
 
 
 
358,153
 
 
Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Retail cost of revenues (5)
552,167
 
 
344,944
 
 
 
241,188
 
 
General and administrative (6)
101,127
 
 
84,964
 
 
 
61,682
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
42,341
 
 
32,788
 
 
 
25,378
 
 
Total Operating Expenses
695,635
 
 
462,696
 
 
 
328,248
 
 
Operating income
102,420
 
 
84,001
 
 
 
29,905
 
 
Other (expense)/income:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(11,134
)
 
(8,859
 
)
 
(2,280
 
)
Change in Tax Receivable Agreement liability
22,267
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest and other income
256
 
 
957
 
 
 
324
 
 
Total other expenses
11,389
 
 
(7,902
 
)
 
(1,956
 
)
Income before income tax expense
113,809
 
 
76,099
 
 
 
27,949
 
 
Income tax expense
37,528
 
 
10,426
 
 
 
1,974
 
 
Net income
$
76,281
 
 
$
65,673
 
 
$
25,975

 
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
57,427
 
 
51,229
 
 
 
22,110
 
 
Net income attributable to Spark Energy, Inc. stockholders
$
18,854
 
 
$
14,444

 
 
$
3,865

 
Less: Dividend on Series A preferred stock
3,038
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to stockholders of Class A common stock
$
15,816
 
 
$
14,444

 
 
$
3,865

 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
Currency translation loss
$
(59
)
 
$
41

 
 
$

 
Other comprehensive loss
(59
)
 
41
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
$
76,222
 
 
$
65,714

 
 
$
25,975

 
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests
57,390
 
 
51,259
 
 
 
22,110
 
 
Comprehensive income attributable to Spark Energy, Inc. stockholders
$
18,832
 
 
$
14,455

 
 
$
3,865

 





(1) Financial information includes results attributable to the acquisition of Perigee Energy, LLC by an affiliate on February 3, 2017. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(2) Financial information includes results attributable to the acquisition of Major Energy Companies from an affiliate on April 15, 2016. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(3) Financial information includes results attributable to the acquisition of Oasis Power Holdings LLC from an affiliate on May 12, 2015. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(4)
Net asset optimization revenues includes asset optimization (expense)/revenues—affiliates of $1,334, $154 and $1,101 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and asset optimization revenues—affiliates cost of revenues of $53, $1,633 and $11,285 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
(5)
Retail cost of revenues includes retail cost of revenues—affiliates of $0, $9 and $17 for the years December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
(6) General and administrative includes general and administrative expense—affiliates of $24,700, $15,700 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.






SPARK ENERGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

 
Issued Shares of Class A Common Stock (1)
Issued Shares of Class B Common Stock (1)
Treasury Stock
Class A Common Stock (1)
Class B Common Stock (1)
Treasury Stock
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Additional Paid-In Capital (1)
Retained Earnings (Deficit)
Total Stockholders' Equity
Non-controlling Interest (1)
Total Equity
Balance at 12/31/2014:
6,000

 
21,500

 

 
$
60

 
$
216

 
$

 
$

 
$
9,158

 
$
(775

)
$
8,659

 
$
15,458

 
$
24,117

 
Stock based compensation

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,165
 
 
 
 
2,165
 
 
 
 
2,165
 
 
Restricted stock unit vesting
238

 

 

 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
185
 
 
 
 
187
 
 
 
 
187
 
 
Contribution from NuDevco

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
129
 
 
 
 
129
 
 
 
 
129
 
 
Consolidated net income (2)

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,865
 
 
3,865
 
 
22,110
 
 
25,975
 
 
Beneficial conversion feature

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
789
 
 
 
 
789
 
 
 
 
789
 
 
Distributions paid to Class B non-controlling unit holders

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(15,587
 
)
(15,587
 
)
Dividends paid to Class A common shareholders

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(4,456
 
)
(4,456
 
)
 
 
(4,456
 
)
Balance at 12/31/2015:
6,238

 
21,500

 

 
$
62

 
$
216

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,426

 
$
(1,366

)
$
11,338

 
$
21,981

 
$
33,319

 
Stock based compensation

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,270
 
 
 
 
2,270
 
 
 
 
2,270
 
 
Restricted stock unit vesting
305

 

 

 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,058
 
 
 
 
1,062
 
 
 
 
1,062
 
 
Excess tax benefit related to restricted stock vesting

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
186
 
 
 
 
186
 
 
 
 
186
 
 
Consolidated net income (3)

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14,444
 
 
14,444
 
 
51,229
 
 
65,673
 
 





Foreign currency translation adjustment for equity method investee

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11
 
 
 
 
 
 
11
 
 
30
 
 
41
 
 
Beneficial conversion feature

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
243
 
 
 
 
243
 
 
 
 
243
 
 
Distributions paid to non-controlling unit holders

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(34,931
 
)
(34,931
 
)
Net contribution of the Major Energy Companies

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,873
 
 
3,873
 
 
Dividends paid to Class A common stockholders

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8,367
 
)
(8,367
 
)
 
 
(8,367
 
)
Proceeds from disgorgement of stockholder short-swing profits

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,605
 
 
 
 
1,605
 
 
 
 
1,605
 
 
Tax impact from tax receivable agreement upon exchange of units of Spark HoldCo, LLC to shares of Class A Common Stock

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,768
 
 
 
 
4,768
 
 
 
 
4,768
 
 
Exchange of shares of Class B common stock to shares of Class A common stock
6,450

 
(6,450

)

 
64
 
 
(64
 
)
 
 
 
 
2,716
 
 
 
 
2,716
 
 
(2,716
 
)
 
 
Issuance of Class B Common Stock

 
5,400

 

 
 
 
54
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
54
 
 
53,940
 
 
53,994
 
 
Balance at 12/31/2016:
12,993

 
20,450

 

 
$
130

 
$
206

 
$

 
$
11

 
$
25,272

 
$
4,711

 
$
30,330

 
$
93,406

 
$
123,736

 
Stock based compensation

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,754
 
 
 
 
2,754
 
 
 
 
2,754
 
 
Restricted stock unit vesting
242

 

 

 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,052
 
 
 
 
1,054
 
 
 
 
1,054
 
 
Consolidated net income (4)

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18,854
 
 
18,854
 
 
57,427
 
 
76,281
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment for equity method investee

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(22
 
)
 
 
 
 
(22
 
)
(37
 
)
(59
 
)
Distributions paid to non-controlling unit holders

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(33,800
 
)
(33,800
 
)
Net contribution by NG&E

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
274
 
 
274
 
 
Dividends paid to Class A common stockholders

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(9,519
 
)
(9,519
 
)
 
 
(9,519
 
)
Dividends to Preferred Stock

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3,038
 
)
(3,038
 
)
 
 
(3,038
 
)
Proceeds from disgorgement of stockholder short-swing profits

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
708
 
 
 
 
708
 
 
 
 
708
 
 
Tax receivable agreement liability true-up

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,872
 
)
 
 
(2,872
 
)
 
 
(2,872
 
)
Conversion of Convertible Subordinated Notes to Class B Common Stock

 
1,035

 

 
 
 
10
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
 
 
7,785
 
 
7,795
 
 
Treasury Stock

 

 
(99

)
 
 
 
 
(2,011
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,011
 
)
 
 
(2,011
 
)





Balance at 12/31/2017:
13,235

 
21,485

 
(99

)
$
132

 
$
216

 
$
(2,011

)
$
(11

)
$
26,914

 
$
11,008

 
$
36,248

 
$
125,055

 
$
161,303

 


(1) Outstanding shares of common stock, additional paid-in capital and non-controlling interest have been retrospectively adjusted to reflect the two-for-one stock split, which took effect on June 16, 2017. See Note 4 "Equity" for further discussion.
(2) Financial information includes results attributable to the acquisition of Oasis Power Holdings LLC from an affiliate on May 12, 2015. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(3) Financial information includes results attributable to the acquisition of Major Energy Companies from an affiliate on April 15, 2016. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(4) Financial information has been recast to include results attributable to the acquisition of Perigee Energy, LLC by an affiliate on February 3, 2017. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.








SPARK ENERGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017, 2016 AND 2015

(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2017 (1)
 
2016 (2)
 
2015 (3)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
76,281

 
 
$
65,673

 
 
$
25,975

 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization expense
42,666
 
 
 
48,526
 
 
 
25,378
 
 
Deferred income taxes
28,584
 
 
 
3,382
 
 
 
1,340
 
 
Change in Tax Receivable Agreement liability
(22,267
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock based compensation
5,058
 
 
 
5,242
 
 
 
3,181
 
 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
1,035
 
 
 
668
 
 
 
412
 
 
Change in fair value of Earnout liabilities
(7,898
 
)
 
(297
 
)
 
 
 
Accretion on fair value of Earnout liabilities
4,108
 
 
 
5,060
 
 
 
 
 
Excess tax benefit related to restricted stock vesting
179
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bad debt expense
6,550
 
 
 
1,261
 
 
 
7,908
 
 
(Gain) loss on derivatives, net
(5,008
 
)
 
(22,407
 
)
 
18,497
 
 
Current period cash settlements on derivatives, net
(19,598
 
)
 
(24,427
 
)
 
(23,948
 
)
Accretion of discount to convertible subordinated notes to affiliate
1,004
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other
(5
 
)
 
(407
 
)
 
(1,320
 
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Decrease in restricted cash
 
 
 
 
 
 
707
 
 
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable
(32,361
 
)
 
(12,088
 
)
 
7,876
 
 
Increase in accounts receivable—affiliates
(1,459
 
)
 
(118
 
)
 
(608
 
)
(Increase) decrease in inventory
(718
 
)
 
542
 
 
 
4,544
 
 
Increase in customer acquisition costs
(25,874
 
)
 
(21,907
 
)
 
(19,869
 
)
Decrease in prepaid and other current assets
1,915
 
 
 
71
 
 
 
10,845
 
 
(Increase) decrease in other assets
(465
 
)
 
1,321
 
 
 
(1,101
 
)
Increase in customer relationships and trademarks
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,776
 
)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
14,831
 
 
 
14,831
 
 
 
(13,307
 
)
Increase in accounts payable—affiliates
51
 
 
 
458
 
 
 
944
 
 
(Decrease) increase in other current liabilities
(1,210
 
)
 
2,364
 
 
 
(645
 
)
(Decrease) increase in other non-current liabilities
(1,487
 
)
 
45
 
 
 
1,898
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
63,912
 
 
 
67,793
 
 
 
45,931
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(1,704
 
)
 
(2,258
 
)
 
(1,766
 
)
Acquisitions of CenStar and Oasis
 
 
 
 
 
 
(39,847
 
)
Acquisition of Major Energy Companies and Provider Companies
(1,853
 
)
 
(31,641
 
)
 
 
 
Acquisitions of Perigee and other customers
(11,759
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition of the Verde Companies
(69,538
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payment of CenStar Earnout
 
 
 
(1,343
 
)
 
 
 
Payment of the Major Energy Companies Earnout
(7,403
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payment of the Provider Companies Earnout
(5,500
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contribution to equity method investment
 
 
 
(1,102
 
)
 
(330
 
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(97,757
 
)
 
(36,344
 
)
 
(41,943
 
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of Series A Preferred Stock, net of issuance costs paid
40,241
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Borrowings on notes payable
206,400
 
 
 
79,048
 
 
 
59,224
 
 
Payments on notes payable
(152,939
 
)
 
(66,652
 
)
 
(49,826
 
)
Issuance of convertible subordinated notes to affiliate
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,075
 
 
Restricted stock vesting
(3,091
 
)
 
(1,183
 
)
 
(432
 
)
Contributions from NuDevco
 
 
 
 
 
 
129
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of Class B common stock
 
 
 
13,995
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from disgorgement of stockholders short-swing profits
1,129
 
 
 
941
 
 
 
 
 
Excess tax benefit related to restricted stock vesting
 
 
 
185
 
 
 
 
 
Payment of dividends to Class A common shareholders
(9,519
 
)
 
(8,367
 
)
 
(4,456
 
)





Payment of distributions to non-controlling unitholders
(33,800
 
)
 
(34,930
 
)
 
(15,587
 
)
Payment of dividends to Preferred Stock
(2,106
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchase of Treasury Stock
(2,011
 
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
44,304
 
 
 
(16,963
 
)
 
(3,873
 
)
Increase in Cash and cash equivalents and Restricted Cash
10,459
 
 
 
14,486
 
 
 
115
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents and Restricted cash—beginning of period
18,960
 
 
 
4,474
 
 
 
4,359
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents and Restricted cash—end of period
29,419
 
 
 
18,960
 
 
 
4,474
 
 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
 
 
Non-cash items:
 
 
 
 
 
Issuance of Class B common stock to affiliates for Major Energy Companies acquisition
 
 
 
40,000
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration—earnout obligations incurred in connection with the Provider Companies and Major Energy Companies acquisitions
 
 
 
18,936
 
 
 
 
 
Assumption of legal liability in connection with the Major Energy Companies acquisition
 
 
 
5,000
 
 
 
 
 
Net contribution of the Major Energy Companies
 
 
 
3,873
 
 
 
 
Net contribution by NG&E in excess of cash
274
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Installment consideration incurred in connection with the Provider Companies acquisition
 
 
 
1,890
 
 
 
 
 
Installment consideration incurred in connection with the Verde Companies acquisition and Verde Earnout Termination Note
19,994
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tax benefit from tax receivable agreement
(1,802
 
)
 
31,490
 
 
 
(64
 
)
Liability due to tax receivable agreement
4,674
 
 
 
(26,722
 
)
 
(55
 
)
Property and equipment purchase accrual
91
 
 
 
(32
 
)
 
45
 
 
CenStar Earnout accrual
 
 
 
 
 
 
500
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest
$
5,715
 
 
$
2,280
 
 
$
1,661
 
Taxes
$
11,205
 
 
$
7,326
 
 
$
216
 

(1) Financial information has been recast to include results attributable to the acquisition of Perigee Energy, LLC by an affiliate on
February 3, 2017. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(2) Financial information has been recast to include results attributable to the acquisition of the Major Energy Companies from an affiliate on
April 15, 2016. See Notes 2 and 3 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Acquisitions," respectively, for further discussion.
(3) Financial information has been recast to include results attributable to the acquisition of Oasis Power Holdings LLC by an affiliate on
May 12, 2015. See Note 2 "Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" for further discussion.







SPARK ENERGY, INC.
OPERATING SEGMENT RESULTS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2014
(in thousands, except per unit operating data)
(unaudited)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
(in thousands, except volume and per unit operating data)
Retail Electricity Segment
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenues
$
657,561
 
 
$
417,229

 
 
$
229,490
 
Retail Cost of Revenues
477,012
 
 
286,795
 
 
 
170,684
 
 
Less: Net Asset Optimization Revenues
(5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Net Gains (Losses) on non-trading derivatives, net of cash settlements
22,086
 
 
12,298
 
 
 
(1,449
 
)
Retail Gross Margin (1) —Electricity
$
158,468
 
 
$
118,136

 
 
$
60,255
 
Volumes—Electricity (MWhs)
6,755,663
 
 
4,170,593
 
 
 
2,075,479
 
 
Retail Gross Margin (2) —Electricity per MWh
$
23.46
 
 
$
28.33

 
 
$
29.03
 
Retail Natural Gas Segment
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenues
$
140,494
 
 
$
129,468

 
 
128,663
 
 
Retail Cost of Revenues
75,155
 
 
58,149
 
 
 
70,504
 
 
Less: Net Asset Optimization Revenues
(712
)
 
(586
 
)
 
1,494
 
 
Less: Net Gains (Losses) on non-trading derivatives, net of cash settlements
10
 
 
7,672
 
 
 
3,305
 
 
Retail Gross Margin (1) —Gas
$
66,041
 
 
$
64,233

 
 
$
53,360

 
Volumes—Gas (MMBtus)
18,203,684
 
 
16,819,713
 
 
 
14,786,681
 
 
Retail Gross Margin (2) —Gas per MMBtu
3.63
 
 
3.82
 
 
 
3.61
 
 

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures
Adjusted EBITDA
We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as EBITDA less (i) customer acquisition costs incurred in the current period, (ii) net gain (loss) on derivative instruments, and (iii) net current period cash settlements on derivative instruments, plus (iv) non-cash compensation expense, and (v) other non-cash and non-recurring operating items. EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before provision for income taxes, interest expense and depreciation and amortization. We deduct all current period customer acquisition costs (representing spending for organic customer acquisitions) in the Adjusted EBITDA calculation because such costs reflect a cash outlay in the period in which they are incurred, even though we capitalize such costs and amortize them over two years in accordance with our accounting policies. The deduction of current period customer acquisition costs is consistent with how we manage our business, but the comparability of Adjusted EBITDA between periods may be affected by varying levels of customer acquisition costs. For example, our Adjusted EBITDA is lower in years of customer growth reflecting larger customer acquisition spending. We do not deduct the cost of customer acquisitions through acquisitions of business or portfolios of customers in calculated Adjusted EBITDA. We deduct our net gains (losses) on derivative instruments, excluding current period cash settlements, from the Adjusted EBITDA calculation in order to remove the non-cash impact of net gains and losses on derivative instruments. We also deduct non-cash compensation expense as a result of restricted stock units that are issued under our long-term incentive plan.





We believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides information useful to investors in assessing our liquidity and financial condition and results of operations and that Adjusted EBITDA is also useful to investors as a financial indicator of our ability to incur and service debt, pay dividends and fund capital expenditures. Adjusted EBITDA is a supplemental financial measure that management and external users of our condensed consolidated financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, commercial banks and rating agencies, use to assess the following:
our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded companies in the retail energy industry, without regard to financing methods, capital structure or historical cost basis;
the ability of our assets to generate earnings sufficient to support our proposed cash dividends; and
our ability to fund capital expenditures (including customer acquisition costs) and incur and service debt.


Retail Gross Margin
We define retail gross margin as operating income (loss) plus (i) depreciation and amortization expenses and (ii) general and administrative expenses, less (i) net asset optimization revenues, (ii) net gains (losses) on non-trading derivative instruments, and (iii) net current period cash settlements on non-trading derivative instruments. Retail gross margin is included as a supplemental disclosure because it is a primary performance measure used by our management to determine the performance of our retail natural gas and electricity business by removing the impacts of our asset optimization activities and net non-cash income (loss) impact of our economic hedging activities. As an indicator of our retail energy business’ operating performance, retail gross margin should not be considered an alternative to, or more meaningful than, operating income (loss), its most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.
We believe retail gross margin provides information useful to investors as an indicator of our retail energy business's operating performance.
The GAAP measures most directly comparable to Adjusted EBITDA are net income (loss) and net cash provided by operating activities. The GAAP measure most directly comparable to Retail Gross Margin is operating income (loss). Our non-GAAP financial measures of Adjusted EBITDA and Retail Gross Margin should not be considered as alternatives to net income (loss), net cash provided by operating activities, or operating income (loss). Adjusted EBITDA and Retail Gross Margin are not presentations made in accordance with GAAP and have important limitations as analytical tools. You should not consider Adjusted EBITDA or Retail Gross Margin in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Because Adjusted EBITDA and Retail Gross Margin exclude some, but not all, items that affect net income (loss) and net cash provided by operating activities, and are defined differently by different companies in our industry, our definition of Adjusted EBITDA and Retail Gross Margin may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.
Management compensates for the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA and Retail Gross Margin as analytical tools by reviewing the comparable GAAP measures, understanding the differences between the measures and incorporating these data points into management’s decision-making process.
The following tables present a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) and net cash provided by operating activities for each of the periods indicated.






APPENDIX TABLES A-1 AND A-2
ADJUSTED EBITDA RECONCILIATIONS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Quarter Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
76,281

 
 
65,673

 
 
$
47,536

 
 
$
24,137

 
Depreciation and amortization
42,341

 
 
32,788

 
 
11,906
 
 
 
9,451
 
 
Interest expense
11,134

 
 
8,859

 
 
2,374
 
 
 
6,004
 
 
Income tax expense
37,528

 
 
10,426

 
 
32,263
 
 
 
3,574
 
 
EBITDA (1)
167,284

 
 
117,746

 
 
94,079
 
 
 
43,166
 
 
Less:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net, Gains (losses) on derivative instruments
5,008

 
 
22,407

 
 
39,233
 
 
 
19,520
 
 
Net, Cash settlements on derivative instruments
16,309

 
 
(2,146

)
 
(2,499
 
)
 
(5,573
 
)
Customer acquisition costs
25,874

 
 
24,934

 
 
7,232
 
 
 
9,717
 
 
Plus:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-cash compensation expense
5,058

 
 
5,242

 
 
1,035
 
 
 
1,215
 
 
Contract termination charge related to Major Energy Companies change of control

 
 
4,099

 
 
 
 
 
4,099
 
 
Change in Tax Receivable Agreement liability (2)
(22,267

)
 

 
 
$
(22,267

)
 
$

 
Adjusted EBITDA (1)
102,884

 
 
81,892

 
 
$
28,881

 
 
$
24,816

 
(1) Includes $9.6 million and $1.1 million related to the change in fair value as the result of the revaluation of the Major Earnout liability at December 31, 2017 and 2016.
(2) Represents the change in the value of the Tax Receivable Agreement liability due to U.S. Tax Reform. See discussion in Note 12 "Income Taxes."






 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Quarter Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
$
63,912
 
 
$
67,793

 
 
$
88
 
 
$
6,150

 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
(1,035
)
 
(668
 
)
 
(285
)
 
(203
 
)
Allowance for doubtful accounts and bad debt expense
(6,550
)
 
(1,261
 
)
 
(3,114
)
 
(419
 
)
Interest expense
11,134
 
 
8,859
 
 
 
2,374
 
 
6,004
 
 
Income tax expense
37,528
 
 
10,426
 
 
 
32,263
 
 
3,574
 
 
Change in Tax Receivable Agreement liability (1)
(22,267
)
 
 
 
 
(22,267
)
 
 
 
Changes in operating working capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, prepaids, current assets
31,905
 
 
12,135
 
 
 
48,989
 
 
31,362
 
 
Inventory
718
 
 
542
 
 
 
(1,218
)
 
1,110
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(13,672
)
 
(17,653
 
)
 
(21,808
)
 
(23,507
 
)
Other
1,211
 
 
1,719
 
 
 
(6,141
)
 
745
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA
$
102,884
 
 
$
81,892

 
 
$
28,881
 
 
$
24,816

 
Cash Flow Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows provided by operating activity
$
63,912
 
 
$
67,793

 
 
$
88
 
 
$
6,150

 
Cash flows used in investing activity
(97,757
)
 
(36,344
 
)
 
(1,780
)
 
(2,169
 
)
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activity
44,304
 
 
(16,963
 
)
 
19,862
 
 
(1,928
 
)






The following table presents a reconciliation of Retail Gross Margin to operating income (loss) for each of the periods indicated.

APPENDIX TABLE A-3
RETAIL GROSS MARGIN RECONCILIATION
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Quarter Ended 31,
(in thousands)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Reconciliation of Retail Gross Margin to Operating Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
$
102,420
 
 
$
84,001
 
 
$
59,752
 
 
$
33,098
 
Depreciation and amortization
42,341
 
 
32,788
 
 
11,906
 
 
9,451
 
General and administrative
101,127
 
 
84,964
 
 
31,722
 
 
29,776
 
Less:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net asset optimization (expenses) revenues
(717
)
 
(586
)
 
(36
)
 
(544
)
Net, Losses (gains) on non-trading derivative instruments
5,588
 
 
22,254
 
 
39,734
 
 
19,735
 
Net, Cash settlements on non-trading derivative instruments
16,508
 
 
(2,284
)
 
(2,508
)
 
(5,625
)
Retail Gross Margin
$
224,509
 
 
$
182,369
 
 
$
66,190
 
 
$
58,759
 
Retail Gross Margin - Retail Electricity Segment
$
158,468
 
 
$
118,136
 
 
$
42,339
 
 
$
35,910
 
Retail Gross Margin - Retail Natural Gas Segment
$
66,041
 
 
$
64,233
 
 
$
23,851
 
 
$
22,849
 

Contact: Spark Energy, Inc.
Investors:
Christian Hettick, 832-200-3727
ir@sparkenergy.com
Media:
Eric Melchor, 281-833-4151